A Single Center Review of COVID-19 Testing and Vaccination in the Transgender and Nonbinary Population
Mona Ascha, Emily Merrick, Emily Chwa, Paige Hackenberger, Caitlin Stockslager, Kareem Termanini, Chris Benning, Dylan Felt, Sumanas W Jordan, Lauren B Beach
Purpose: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has disproportionately affected transgender and nonbinary (TGNB) persons. We evaluated COVID-19 testing and vaccination rates among TGNB patients at our institution. Methods: We compared COVID-19 testing and vaccination rates between TGNB patients and a cisgender population matched by age, race, and ethnicity. Data were collected through September 22, 2021. Demographic variables, testing rates, and vaccination rates were collected. Descriptive statistics were calculated, and regression was performed on outcomes of interest: any vaccination dose, at least one test, and at least one positive test. Gender modality was the exposure of interest. Results: There were 5050 patients: 1683 cisgender men, 1682 cisgender women, and 1685 TGNB individuals. TGNB patients were more likely to be on Medicaid/Medicare and more likely to be single. The number of patients with at least one test was similar between TGNB (n = 894, 53.1%) and cisgender (n = 1853, 55.1%) groups. The number of patients who had at least one positive test was higher among cisgender patients (n = 238, 7.1%) compared with TGNB patients (n = 73, 4.3%). Vaccination rates were significantly greater among TGNB patients. Compared with cisgender patients, TGNB patients had greater odds of vaccination (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.25 [95% confidence interval; CI 1.06-1.48]). Compared with cisgender patients, TGNB patients had lower odds of having at least one positive COVID-19 test (aOR = 0.51 [95% CI 0.36-0.72]). Conclusion: Our institutional experience found that vaccination rates for TGNB patients were higher and COVID-19 positivity lower than for cisgender patients.