Race and Sexual Identity Differences in PrEP Continuum Outcomes Among Latino Men in a Large Chicago Area Healthcare Network
Xavier Hall CD, Feinstein BA, Rusie L, Phillips II G, Beach LB
U.S. HIV incidence is threefold higher among Latino individuals than non-Latino Whites. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) uptake remains low among Latino men. Most HIV studies view Latino communities as a monolithic group, ignoring racial and sexual diversity. This analysis examines PrEP-related outcomes including eligibility, first prescription, and second prescription across race and sexual identity in a sample of Latino cisgender men (n = 8271) who sought services from a healthcare network in Chicago in 2012-2019. Logistic regression was used to calculate adjusted odds ratios. Latino-only participants had lower odds of PrEP eligibility and first prescription compared to White-Latino participants. No other significant differences by race were detected. While bisexual participants had equivalent odds of PrEP eligibility, they had lower odds of first PrEP prescription compared to gay participants. Heterosexual participants also had lower odds of PrEP eligibility and initiation. Future research should address unique factors shaping PrEP-related outcomes among diverse Latino populations.